Skip to main content

GraphQL Code Generation

Code generation means the automatic generation of TypeScript types based on your GraphQL schema and your GraphQL operations. This is a very powerful feature that allows you to write your code in a type-safe manner, without you needing to manually write any types for your API calls.

To do this, we will use Graphql Code Generator.

Vendure CLI

Use npx vendure add and select "Set up GraphQL code generation" to quickly set up code generation.

Learn more about the Vendure CLI

This guide is for adding codegen to your Vendure plugins & Admin UI extensions. For a guide on adding codegen to your storefront, see the Storefront Codegen guide.


It is recommended to use the vendure add CLI command as detailed above to set up codegen. If you prefer to set it up manually, follow the steps below.

First, install the required dependencies:

npm install -D @graphql-codegen/cli @graphql-codegen/typescript


Add a codegen.ts file to your project root with the following contents:

import type {CodegenConfig} from '@graphql-codegen/cli';

const config: CodegenConfig = {
overwrite: true,
// This assumes your server is running on the standard port
// and with the default admin API path. Adjust accordingly.
schema: 'http://localhost:3000/admin-api',
config: {
// This tells codegen that the `Money` scalar is a number
scalars: { Money: 'number' },
// This ensures generated enums do not conflict with the built-in types.
namingConvention: { enumValues: 'keep' },
generates: {
// The path to the generated type file in your
// plugin directory. Adjust accordingly.
'src/plugins/organization/gql/generated.ts': {
plugins: ['typescript'],

export default config;

This assumes that we have an "organization" plugin which adds support for grouping customers into organizations, e.g. for B2B use-cases.

Running codegen

You can now add a script to your package.json to run codegen:

"scripts": {
"codegen": "graphql-codegen --config codegen.ts"

Ensure your server is running, then run the codegen script:

npm run codegen

This will generate a file at src/plugins/organization/gql/generated.ts which contains all the GraphQL types corresponding to your schema.

Using generated types in resolvers & services

You would then use these types in your resolvers and service methods, for example:

import { Args, Mutation, Query, Resolver } from '@nestjs/graphql';
import { Allow, Ctx, PaginatedList, RequestContext, Transaction } from '@vendure/core';

import { organizationPermission } from '../constants';
import { Organization } from '../entities/organization.entity';
import { OrganizationService } from '../services/organization.service';
import { QueryOrganizationArgs, MutationCreateOrganizationArgs } from '../gql/generated';

export class AdminResolver {
constructor(private organizationService: OrganizationService) {}

organization(@Ctx() ctx: RequestContext, @Args() args: QueryOrganizationArgs): Promise<Organization> {
return this.organizationService.findOne(ctx,;

@Ctx() ctx: RequestContext,
@Args() args: MutationCreateOrganizationArgs,
): Promise<Organization> {
return this.organizationService.create(ctx, args.input);

// ... etc

In your service methods you can directly use any input types defined in your schema:

import { Injectable } from '@nestjs/common';
import { RequestContext, TransactionalConnection } from '@vendure/core';

import { Organization } from '../entities/organization.entity';
import { CreateOrganizationInput, UpdateOrganizationInput } from "../gql/generated";

export class OrganizationService {
constructor(private connection: TransactionalConnection) {}

async create(ctx: RequestContext, input: CreateOrganizationInput): Promise<Organization> {
return this.connection.getRepository(ctx, Organization).save(new Organization(input));

async update(ctx: RequestContext, input: UpdateOrganizationInput): Promise<Organization> {
const example = await this.connection.getEntityOrThrow(ctx, Organization,;
const updated = {...example, ...input};
return this.connection.getRepository(ctx, Organization).save(updated);

Codegen for Admin UI extensions

When you create Admin UI extensions, very often those UI components will be making API calls to the Admin API. In this case, you can use codegen to generate the types for those API calls.

To do this, we will use the "client preset" plugin. Assuming you have already completed the setup above, you'll need to install the following additional dependency:

npm install -D @graphql-codegen/client-preset

Then add the following to your codegen.ts file:

import type { CodegenConfig } from '@graphql-codegen/cli';

const config: CodegenConfig = {
overwrite: true,
schema: 'http://localhost:3000/admin-api',
config: {
scalars: { Money: 'number' },
namingConvention: { enumValues: 'keep' },
generates: {
'apps/marketplace/src/plugins/marketplace/ui/gql/': {
preset: 'client',
documents: 'apps/marketplace/src/plugins/marketplace/ui/**/*.ts',
// This disables the "fragment masking" feature. Fragment masking
// can improve component isolation but introduces some additional
// complexity that we will avoid for now.
presetConfig: {
fragmentMasking: false,
'apps/marketplace/src/plugins/marketplace/gql/generated.ts': {
plugins: ['typescript'],

export default config;

For the client preset plugin, we need to specify a directory (.../ui/gql/) because a number of files will get generated.

Use the graphql() function

In your Admin UI components, you can now use the graphql() function exported from the generated file to define your GraphQL operations. For example:

import { ChangeDetectionStrategy, Component } from '@angular/core';
import { SharedModule, TypedBaseListComponent } from '@vendure/admin-ui/core';
import { graphql } from '../../gql';

const getOrganizationListDocument = graphql(`
query GetOrganizationList($options: OrganizationListOptions) {
organizations(options: $options) {
items {

selector: 'organization-list',
templateUrl: './organization-list.component.html',
styleUrls: ['./organization-list.component.scss'],
changeDetection: ChangeDetectionStrategy.OnPush,
standalone: true,
imports: [SharedModule],
export class OrganizationListComponent extends TypedBaseListComponent<
typeof getOrganizationListDocument,
> {

// Sort & filter definitions omitted for brevity.
// For a complete ListComponent example, see the
// "Creating List Views" guide.

constructor() {
document: getOrganizationListDocument,
getItems: (data) => data.organizations,
setVariables: (skip, take) => ({
options: {
filter: {
name: {
contains: this.searchTermControl.value,
sort: this.sorts.createSortInput(),
refreshListOnChanges: [this.filters.valueChanges, this.sorts.valueChanges],

Whenever you write a new GraphQL operation, or change an existing one, you will need to re-run the codegen script to generate the types for that operation.

Codegen watch mode

You can also set up file watching as described in the Graphql Code Generator watch mode docs.